Section “80C” which is the most widely used section of the Income Tax Act and the deductions available, there is various subsection available in this segment.
Under this guide, we will understand all about income tax deduction under section 80C, 80CCD, 80CCC & 80CCG.
Whether the taxpayer filling there returns in ITR I to V, the deduction under section 80C and their subsections are permitted.
80 C instruments
Every individual, HUF, professional, partnership firm and a small business all are concern about:
What are the deductions available under Sections 80 C?
Section 80C consists of several segments permitted for the taxpayer to deduct their said expenditure from their income, which results in tax saving.
Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF (Public provident scheme) is the long-term investment segment which was governed by the Government of India, the investor gets a certain rate of interest which is variable.
The investor gets the tax exemption up to ₹ 1,50,000 if invested in PPF.
Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS)
These segments consist of tax saving investment in the mutual fund which is exempted up to ₹ 1,50,000, this way people are also encouraged to invest in mutual funds.
Also Read: Paying loan or investment? (choice is yours)
Tax Saving Bank Fixed Deposits (FD)
Tax saving bank FD is just like a normal fixed deposit with any nationalized bank, the only restriction is (5 years lock-in period).
If you opt for tax saving FD with the bank you will get the benefit of tax saving up to ₹ 1,50,000 with the restriction that you can not withdraw before 5 years.
If you do the amount will be added to your income.
Payment of Children’s Tuition Fees
Paying you child tuition fee is also exempted u/s 80C by the department of Income-tax if you paid for the school, college or institute situated in India.
The tax exemption is only allowed for two children up to ₹ 1,50,000.
Payment of premium of life insurance
Having a life insurance policy whether in a form of term plan or some other endorsement plan, secure your family for any unhappening.
The Premium paid for yourself, your spouse or your children up to ₹ 1,50,000 is exempted u/s 80C.
Premium paid for your parents is not included, you can avail insurance premium payment of more than one.
Any insurance company policy is considered, whether it is public or private.
Home loan principal amount repayment
Every individual (basically an employee) holding a home loan, if we talk about the home loan:
It consists of repayment of (principal amount and interest),
Payment of interest amount already exempted u/s 80EE (The maximum limit for claiming deduction under section 80EE is ₹50,000).
And, the principal amount repayment is exempted u/s 80C, so if you are having a home loan don’t format to claim repayment of principal amount u/s 80C.
Other then principal amount repayment expenses incurred on stamp duty and registration charges for purchase of house property also qualify for tax deduction u/s 80C.
Post office time deposit scheme
This segment is as same as “Tax saving bank FD”. You can go for one year, two years, three years or four years but the investment made for 5 years under the scheme would be considered as exempted u/s 80C.
Important Note: Section 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD(1) are permitted in totality of tax exemption upto ₹50,000.
The instrument under section 80 CCC
Under section 80CCC the taxpayer avail the benefit of tax deduction maximum to ₹ 1,50,000 for certain pension fund. If the amount claimed u/s 80CCC for the pension fund, it should not be claimed in any other section.
What is 80 CCD (1) – Contribution to pension scheme of central government
The section is the scheme introduced to encourage the individual to invest in the pension fund of the central government, the only individual taxpayer is eligible for the deduction up to ₹ 1,50,000
In other words, this section is the contribution of the employee maximum deduction allowed is 10% of salary or 20% of gross total income if self-employed.
What is 80 CCD (1B) – Contribution to pension scheme of central government
This was the new section introduced for an additional deduction of section 80ccd(1) of ₹ 50,000 to pension scheme of central government.
The total tax benefits that can be claimed against NPS u/s 80CCD(1) + u/s 80CCD(1B) equals to 2 Lakhs for financial year.
What is 80 CCD (2) – Contribution to pension scheme of central government by the employer
This was another addition contribution to pension scheme of central government of India for the taxpayer from employer side up to 10% of the salary of the employee.
Section 80 CCG – Investment made under equity saving scheme
This section is a very interesting deduction “Investment made under equity saving scheme”.
Under this section, if you are a first-time equity investor, this action strengthening the power of investing for the individual.
The individual having a valid Demat account indulge with equity market or derivative market avail the scheme with 25 % tax benefit for the maximum investment of ₹ 50,000.
If the taxpayer investment of ₹ 50,000, he will get the tax benefit of ₹ 25,000.